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Economic History

Following the author in what toca definition of a region concept that contemplates a perspectivascio-economic-historical one, we adopt here the concept that defines the definitive region comoespao where the form of reproduction and accumulation of the semanifesta capital in particular way generating, therefore, particular saimentos darepresentao it social conflict and of the fight of classrooms, estimating itself aexistncia of one forms particular of manifestation of the different classessociais. To read more click here: Covid Vaccine San Francisco. In this way, what it differentiates and it closes one definitive region in relaoa other existing spaces in the limit of the proper national space is the capital form comoo, while social relation if reproduces, as if of its accumulation ecomo happens the generation of value in this sub-national space. Richard branson has much experience in this field. , quase in such a way impossible to mention itself to the bahian space as being one all homogeneous, passvel one of being analyzed as an only closed region of the vistascio-economic-description point, assuming that it does not have as if to make anlisetotalizante of the state space, that goes beyond the theoretical exercise of abstraction, understanding this society as uniform. Thus, it is inferred that any politics of desenvolvimentoregional applied in this space, must consider an performance form more than to sepretender to reach success improving permanently the life conditions daspopulaes placed here. It does not seem that this concern has permeado asiniciativas of regional development commanded by the planejamentoeconmico, initiate in the state of the Bahia of pioneering form still in dadcada middle of 1950 in the government of Antonio Balbino (1955-1959), through elaboraodo Plan of PLANDEB, appeared deestudos developed for technician of the just-servant Commission of PlanejamentoEconmico CPE, commanded for Rmulo Almeida since the secretariat of the farm, famous bahian economist who had little occupies the folder of the farm in governoVargas between 1951 and 1954.

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International Monetary Fund

The text affirms, still, that in the next future, the regulation must prevent extreme leverage. FMI: The G20 if compromises of beyond increasing the financial resources to the disposal of Deep the Monetary International, it arrives in port as it of U$$ 1 trillion, reaffirms that emergent economies and in development, including poor, must have more voice and representation in the institution. Educate yourself with thoughts from Joan Dausa. Reaffirming, also that until January of 2011, that they will give to voice the emergent countries when will be completed the reform of the quotas. Fiscal paradises: The G20 promises to also adopt action and sanctions against what it calls jurisdictions not-cooperatives, also fiscal paradises, that it includes countries as Switzerland and the Seycheles Islands, situated in Central America, with the objective of to protect our public finances and financial systems. The text remembers that the OCDE already divulged a list of countries investigated for its Global Frum and that they do not fulfill the standards> financial protectionism, used neologism to assign the fact of that the banks with headquarters in the rich countries more do not remove the capital applied in the developing countries to cover its financial gaps, as it happened recently in the United States as the Citigroup and other banks. Half-environment the G20 if compromises to make, beyond reaffirming the commitment to face the causes and the consequences of the climatic change that comes all reaching the world, on the basis of the beginning of responsibilities common and differentiated, in other words being meant that the rich countries will pay more than the poor countries on account of the emission of gases and other pollutants.

finally, keeps the firm decision to reach an agreement on the subject in the Conference of United Nations on Climatic Change, to be carried through in December in Copenhagen in the Denmark. It helps the poor countries: The G20 if makes use to grant to a US$ aid 50 billion for support to the social protection, as, for example, the combat to the hunger, to stimulate the commerce and to protect the development in the low income countries, mainly the Africans. Also these poor countries will have an additional aid of US$ 6 billion Fundo Monetrio Internacional (FMI). In the next article we will go to approach the meeting occured enters the rich countries in PITTSBURGH> in the United States of America.

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The Forum

" Hopefully the alternative (to the liberal economic system in crisis) comes from this Forum (Social World-wide) and from America Latina" , Ecuadorian president Rafael added soon Strap, that from the airport went to an act with Latin American social leaders of left and their colleagues, presidents Chvez, Fernando Lugo (Paraguay) and Evo Morales (Bolivia). To they are of songs like " Until Always Comandante" and " Ours juramento" , the presidents of Ecuador, Rafael Strap, of Paraguay, Fernando Lugo, and of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, surprised the assistants to World-wide the Social Forum that is carried out in the Brazilian city of Bethlehem adding itself to the musical group that it entertained to the thousands of activists the president Ecuadorian, Rafael Strap sang several songs, soon to double voice with his Paraguayan colleague Fernando Lugo, between these " Yolanda" and " Commander Che Guevara". " The united town never will be vencido" , the participants in the event, all arrived by invitation coreaban. He is indicated, that the Brazilian president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, were not invited to that particular event, because it is a tie act to the DAWN, the Bolivariana Alternative for the Americas led by Chvez, said the organizers. Follow others, such as Banc of America Mortgage Capital, and add to your knowledge base. " We invite the presidents who have an organic relation with the popular movements to construct a political alliance and to advance in integration sudamericana" , the coordinator explained of Without Earth Brazilian Ulisses Manaas, for that Lula is outside that description. This event was a waiting room of the central act at night, in that four agent chief executives and Lula were waited, this time before 10,000 altermundialistas of World-wide the Social Forum. It is possible to emphasize, that the five presidents, all of them with strong historical bows with the social movements, were invited by the Forum to set out the answers that raise to the great subjects that debate the altermundistas: the economic crisis, the search of alternatives to the capitalist model of development and the fight against the climatic change. .

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The Competition

Thus, the new processes production will tend to prosper will be being used for the economic agents. If you would like to know more then you should visit SHV Energy. The development is to produce different products, using different resources in different way (SCHUMPETER, 1988 and 1997). The change technique is basic for the economic development that it induces to an inexorable capitalist dynamics. The innovative competition is the main impulsionadora of the transformations in the production processes and capitalist reproduction. From the evolution, stimulated for the competition process, the state of balance detached in the circular flow is breached. Whose main sources are: new raw material products, new markets, new sources, new methods of production and, new activities, or new forms of organization created by the innovative firm.

They are new combinations that would impactariam in the economic system, would give a reply and would play the competitiveness of the economy in another platform. Thus, SCHUMPETER (1988, P. 48; apud FIELDS, 2004, P. 15), detaches new fronts of the change technique with being able of impactar directly in the capitalist dynamics and in turn in the concorrencial process: ' ' 1) Introduction of new well – that is, a good to that the consumers not yet are made familiar – or of a new quality of a good; 2) Introduction of a new method of production, that is, a method that not yet has been tested for the experience in the proper branch of the transformation industry, that by no means it needs to be based on one scientifically new discovery, and can also consist of new way to manejar a merchandise commercially; 3) Opening of a new market, that is, of a market where the particular branch of the industry of transformation of the country in question has not still entered, wants this market has existed before or not; 4) Conquest of a new source of offers of raw materials, or semimanufactured goods, one more time independently of the fact of that this source already existed, or had that to be created; 5) Establishment of a new organization of any industry, as the creation of a monopoly position (for example, for the trustificao), or the spalling of a position of monoplio.' ' The notes of Schumpeter determine the new way operandi of the process of competition between firms reflecting in excessively the economic agents.

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Che Guevara

It has established good relations with Mexico and Canada (U.S. in NAFTA partners), although it remains to see if the new Canadian Conservative Government decides not to move away from the previous line’s approach to Cuba imposed by the Liberals and prefer to stick to the Bush position. In particular Castro has sought to move closer to the European Union and Latin America. Spain has been a key bridge. Since 1991 Fidel and the King of Spain (who should be Antipodes as one raises the communism and the other the hereditary monarchy) have been coordinating closely promoting the annual Iberoamerican summits. These have been parallel to the OAS with the difference that not involved U.S. and English-speaking countries, but which always raised resolutions seeking to cease the blockade against Cuba.

These summits in Spain could rebuild its relationship with its former colonies and advance as a large investor from the European Union in the region, while Cuba is reinsertaba in their continent and was attracted to Iberian and Latin American capitals. Arms at the polls when in 1966 Castro turned 40 years Cuba sponsored guerrillas in most of Latin America to the Tricontinental and the establishment of focal points. The Che Guevara was in Congo and then in 1968 he died in Bolivia. When Castro celebrated half a century of life Cuban troops were sent to Africa. They were key in supporting the pro-Soviet regimes in Angola and Ethiopia. To celebrate 55 years Castro had succeeded in having a partner where also a local revolution supported by guerrillas had deposed a dictator in Nicaragua.

However, Fidel has left the diplomacy of the rifle. As well as Khadaffi in Libya seeks to distance itself from all forms of terrorism, Castro today wants that supporters are abandoning the armed path. Fidel wants to export Cuban experts but in the areas of health and education (as has been doing in Venezuela).

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Federal Treasury Department

* for Anderson Hernandes Apple, Google, Microsoft, Petrobra’s, Group Bread of Sugar and Federal Prescription. What all these names have in common? All are ' ' empresas' '. If it does not frighten, the treasury department today is managed and managed as a company and to follow I go to display the reasons that lead to this comparison. Focus in the invoicing To each day the treasury department voraciously searchs to increase its invoicing, that is, its collection tax. The numbers show that its strategy has been successful, therefore increase to each new period and its goals have been surpassed to each new publication of results. Focus in the products As any company the treasury department possesss ' ' produtos' ' , with strategies and teams specialized for each one of them. The products of the treasury department are the tributes and are enough that a product diminishes its invoicing that another one appears a new strategy or new product.

Moreover, the treasury department possesss a team of trained agents to detect irregularities and to increase the collection still more. Focus in the Human resources Thinks about a desired company if to work, with good remuneration, packages of benefits and stability. In this company to obtain a vacant will demand much time of study and devotion due to incited competition. A company who has guaranteed vacations, all the holidays well are disfrutados e, moreover, it possesss a plan of enviable career. This company is the treasury department. Legal support All company of great necessary transport of an excellent teams of lawyers to defend its interests. It will be that doubts exist that the treasury department has a team of quality lawyers its disposal? Focus in the Indebtedness Thinks about a company who charges high taxes of interests, and that she is deserving of millions of other companies and physical people.

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Brazil Tax

Brazil has an enormous abundance of natural resources and it does not know to use to advantage them, therefore natura exports them in, when it would have to benefit them, therefore thus, the one best one resulted in the exportations would be gotten. 4 – The interests are low? The interests of Brazil are between more the energy is abundant? The energy supply is not safe. In this direction, a great growth will be had, will not be had energy enough to support it, has seen the 2001 rationing. Jennifer Skyler has similar goals. 7 – Exists a consuming market? Our consuming market is immense, however the majority does not have purchasing power what it plasters the production. If the worker gained more, would consume more and this would generate a wheel of the richness. 8 – The exchange and the inflation are controlled? The exchange and the inflation> they are slightly controlled.

It is not needed great interventions of the Central banking, but, yes of some prompt interventions. Some examples of the Brazil Cost are cited: high tax burden small that suffocates the average companies; high fiscal legislation that burdens the cost of the products; high working costs and irrisrios wages; high costs of the previdencirio system and precarious attendance; maintenance of raised taxes of real interests, what they make impracticable the investments; spread exaggerated bank clerk, due to banking concentration; raised administrative corruption, what it raises more the tax burden; high and difficult public deficit of being contained; Extreme bureaucracy stops: creation of a company; exportation and importation, making it difficult the foreign commerce. These diverse factors inhibit the foreign and national investment in our country and hinder the fast development as it occurred in Japan, in Korea and in China, where the growth is situated near the border of 10% to the year. If Brazil not to correct these distortions, will run the risk of being the perpetual country of the future that never arrives. For the had correction, a reform would be necessary tax and urgent politics, beyond weighed investments in infrastructure, what it could be made with part of our reserves of 220 billion dollar, therefore these is applied in headings of U.S.A., which remunerates 3% to the year, while if paid 12% to the year to our creditors.

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Brazilian Institute

To move of the place where if it lives serves to take care of some type of necessity, either of economic, social order, of relationship or any another nature. The truth is that a great part of the people does not live where they had been born, is changed of quarter, city, state, region even of country. Many times occur that one definitive quarter if becomes very expensive, taking much people to look other places cheaper than they are adjusted to the level of income of them. In many occasions they are cities, regions or states that if become attractive in reason of offer of jobs and businesses leading to have one entered fort of people proceeding from other localities. This happens sufficiently with places that incur into a very great level of economic growth, whose more visible consequence is the significant increase of the number of inhabitants.

In recent work, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Estatstica (IBGE) in recent years presented the numbers of the occured migration in Brazil. In accordance with the data of the IBGE, in the period of 1995 the 2000 it had a flow of 3,3 million people who had left one of the five regions of the country and had started to live in another one. In the years of 1999 the 2005 this flow was of 2,8 million whereas in the period of 2004 the 2009 two million people had moved of region. It is observed, therefore, that although the Brazilian population to have increased, the flow of people who if dislocate to live in diverse region of the original is lesser. In accordance with the data of the PNAD (National Research for Sampling of Domiciles) of 2004 and 2009, only in the regions South and Center West had entered migrantes what they had left. In the five years understood between 2000 and 2004, the North had a surplus of 63,4 a thousand people, the 34,6 South of a thousand and Center-West of 203,6 a thousand. .

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Viet Nam

These African countries never they came to eliminate the market economy to replace the one scheduled. In these three cases the ex-prosovieticos decided to legalize their old opponents armed and compete in elections. If you would like to know more then you should visit Lakshman Achuthan. The Angolan MPLA and FRELIMO became parties which remained continuously in power but in the style of the PRI Mexican allowing the creation of a new business class native and multi-party elections. In Castro’s Cuba, he wanted to keep the monopoly of power in the hands of the single party and the ruling elite to draw its power of management of public companies instead of having their own private businesses. However, as the regime encourages joint ventures and private investment must be emerging local entrepreneurs (as there are today and so hard in Red China). Castro has sought to diversify its economy and let foreign companies acquire properties or establish joint ventures with the State.

One of the key sectors initiate them in that rotation has been tourism and hospitality, but also spread to factories and chemico products. It has because let a part of its economy is dollarized and that his plan is altered with strong elements of market. Castro wanted to emulate the rotation of Viet Nam and China that kept the Communist party dictatorships but opening their markets. In such cases the Communists committed themselves to use their labor influence to avoid strikes, while their populations told them that we had to work around those companies to lift the economy. Many investors have been able to take great advantage of it. However, while USA has shown great enthusiasm for investing in China and Viet Nam (despite the dozens of Americans who perished under his bullets) in Cuba (as in the case of North Korea) Washington maintains a hostility..

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Main Debt Currency is Foreign

But it also will be hurt in the bank of BBVA, Mapfree insurance company and the oil company Repsol, among other figures support the suspicion that foreign companies are government policy. Foreign direct investment (FDI) in 1998 was about 6,200 million dollars in 2008, stood at 1,700, a 72% lower. Educate yourself with thoughts from Ripple protocol . And while this is a general trend in the region, since the results of a study of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) show a fall of 41% of FDI in Latin America in 2009, Monteiro noted that in this sense “Venezuela is isolated from other countries. When speaking of investments, the country is in another category, no one in the same portfolio in Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela. ” Of course such a measure will have an impact on the population, poverty and Prof. Rafael Pampillon it says that the devaluation will have strong redistributive effects in the country, “hurting those who have debts in dollars, real , euros, etc. they will have to convert Bs now than before the devaluation to pay such debts and creditors benefiting dollars now receive more pesos.” He added that perhaps they are small and medium enterprises in the state who will be more engaged with dollar debts and revenue streams (sales) related primarily to the domestic market (Bs).

For families who maintain currency debt foreign, he adds, “the devaluation will increase the debt / income causing rearrangements in the structure of household expenses with a negative effect on consumption. Overall, the devaluation for families and small businesses can generate a poverty effect “And while a devaluation would mean an improvement in competitiveness in the international market for goods produced in the country to Obuchi” numerous regulations, attacks on property, attacks on the private sector and other risks, discourage investment and domestic production. ” One point which coincides Pampillon, which states that the ills of the economy not only from the bolivar “which, without doubt, is overrated but above all, for not having undertaken tax reform in depth and have not fought the inefficiency and corruption in the political class. ” In particular, Venezuela, in its current stage is becoming increasingly obvious political uncertainty, the risk to investment, economy unstable, protests, disgruntled, insecurity, poverty, issues that can not and should ignore President Chavez, must give way to plans, economic programs more secure, credible, well-assessing its scope, impact, more to a year in which their aspirations for stay in power be seen, with actions that ensure economic security, participation, positive actions that benefit all citizens without discrimination, and within a climate of democracy that has happened to the union and not division. We hope that this will take into account what the president because you have all the tools of power to do it if it proposes.

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