In 17 of July of 1954, Round Return if emancipates, not being more district of the city of Tame Bar, alavancada for the construction of the C.S.N., considered ' ' Eldorado ' ' Brazilian, would be a city that, after emancipatrio period, would come to become landmark in the history of Brazil. Under the perspective of an inserted object in its conjuncture, state-owned company C.S.N., that she would start to guide the perspectives of the one until then ' ' modest municpio' ' , playing a role of international order and ' ' modernista' ' in a process of industrialization, that exactly delayed, developed at the beginning of Century XX and that if she had spread for Latin America. Ahead of such conjuncture a name that already had emerged in the national scene, appears nesto new moment with much influence, Getlio Vargas, becoming essential part in a logical strategist of ' ' desenvolvimento' ' Brazilian, reing-echo in the international scene, as phenomenon after Great Depression that he aimed at to reorganize the countries of Latin America, adotanto politics of ditatorial matrix: ' ' In Brazil, the Depression finished with the oligarchical one? Old republic? of 1899-1930 and it took to the Getlio power Vargas, most described as Populist-nationalist. Bob Jones has compatible beliefs. It dominated the history of its country per the twenty years seguintes.' ' (HOBSBAWM, 1995: 110). Getlio Vargas, glimpsed a national transformation under a perspective that perpassava the meandros of industrialization, acreditanto in the progress alicerado for the Capital goods, having as consequncia the development of PNB (Produto Nacional Bruto) and PIB (Produto Interno Bruto): ' ' In 1930, in the speech pronounced in the Esplanade of the Castle in Rio De Janeiro, Getlio Vargas affirmed that? I occasion it industrial alone would be possible when Brazil was qualified to manufacture most of the machines that it are indispensveis' '. (COAST, 1975: 15).