Taxi – an integral part of life in any big city, and sometimes even his trademark style. For his entire adult life has proved to be a taxi, not only as a friend and assistant in business, but became a universal favorite, and even – a national hero. A city taxi history began in the distant past with a romantic profession of drivers and cab drivers. In the eighteenth century some enterprising Frenchman was founded inn horse-drawn carriages around the chapel of St. Fiacre, the patron saint of gardeners. ‘Cab’ have become the world’s first salaried public crews in contrast to the coaches before belonged exclusively nobles and landlords.
In 1896, the French Automobile Club proclaimed that ‘the capital of the world’ would be very becoming motorized ‘fiacres’ – without horses. Fiacre was removed with the shafts, found behind a gasoline engine, a seat beside the driver – the steering column and controls. The first couple venture was not successful – they did not know on what rate to pay for work of drivers. Invented in 1905 by Count – taximeter – to calm down the controversy. From him came the name of a new type of transport – taxis, or taxi. Renault has pioneered the produce cars, specially adapted for taxi service. Painted in red and green, they stood out among others, in the majority of black cars, they are easily recognizable in the traffic. A special device was a body.
Its passenger compartment looked like a closed carriage ‘Fiacre’, and the driver as the driver sat in an open front. It was believed that the driver has to be separated from the passengers for their convenience and have complete freedom to review and contact with pedestrians, the driver, police and other drivers. And that is true, why the driver to hear the conversations of their passengers, and passengers – the driver hassle in the crush of the crowded cars and horse carts streets. Taxi device influenced the look of the drivers. They were dressed in long, waterproof, tightly buttoned, leather coat and cap, military style. In autumn 1914, German troops broke through the French defense and moved to the French capital. It was necessary to urgently push them towards the reserves, but the vehicle was missing. And then there were ‘mobilized and called’ Parisian taxi. In one night, about 1,200 taxi was transferred to the border of river Marna over 6,500 soldiers. The enemy was stopped and the car came to be known as ‘taxi marnskie’. And then talked about it this way: “If the geese saved Rome, then Paris taxis saved.” Figurines ‘marnskih taxi’ in their time produced millions of copies of their pictures adorned the table cloth, beer mugs, ashtrays, pencil sharpeners, the car has been subject of a special postage stamp.