In the second half of the 20th century in Sicily began very real war between mafias. In 1968, semi-literate peasant boy Toto Riina was able to seize control of the Sicilian Mafia and eliminated the 'dome' (so-called union mafia families) in 1980, one of the prominent members of the Mafia, Tommaso Busketta, decided to flee to Brazil to escape the outbreak of war between the clans. After an unsuccessful attempt to Tommaso he decided to break the silence and began to speak. In retaliation for this mob killed a lot of relatives Tomaso. In 1993, Riina was arrested. He was made a few life-long sentences. In response, the Mafia killed two judges who led anti-Mafia processes – Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino. The death of these people has caused the powerful demonstrations across Italy.

April 11, 2006 he was arrested was arrested by one of the most powerful leaders of all Mafia – Bernardo Provenzano, who had been in hiding since 1963. Behind him followed the least well-known leader of the 'Cosa Nostra' – Salvatore Lo Piccolo's arrest which took place on 5 November 2007. And in January 2008 was taken into Salvatore's son arrested – Sandro, who was an assistant Salvatore. Recently, the legality has the upper hand over mafia structures. Achieve progress in the fight against 'Cosa Nostra' was largely due to recruitment informants who dared to break the silence. Also changes in legislation have greatly reduced resources available to the Mafia. Yet the Mafia in Sicily is still strong enough.

New Generation offenders 'white collar' was called 'Cosa Nuova' ('New Business'). Today the mafia is engaged in quite legitimate types of businesses such as construction. Becoming turdnee to distinguish between law-abiding businessman and mafia. This factor makes the final victory over organized crime to be difficult and prolonged.