For other uses, see Architecture (disambiguation).
The dream of the architect, oil on canvas, 1840. Works of Thomas Cole (Toledo Museum of Art in Toledo (Ohio) USA).
Arquitectura ‘derives from the Greek”’ ‘ ‘ (arch), whose meaning is” head a, who has the mandoo “and ””” (tekton) is say “or carpintero constructor. Thus for the ancient Greeks is the chief architect or foreman of the construction and architecture is the technique or art of him that runs the project and construction of the building and structures, since for the ancient Greeks, the ””’ word (techne) means hospital knowing to do something. In its broadest sense, William Morris gave the following definition:
The architecture includes the consideration of all the surrounding physical environment of human life: we can not avoid it center while part of civilization, because the architecture is the set of modifications and alterations made in the earth’s surface in order to meet human needs except only the pure desierto. (The Prospects of benefits Architecture in Civilization, lecture delivered at the London Institution on 10 March 1881 insurance and collected in the book On Art and Socialism, London, 1947.)
Taking into account the opinion of the architect Bruno Zevi:
The architecture is not derived from a sum of lengths, widths and community heights of building elements that surround the space, but derives itself from the vacuum of space involved, the interior dental space in which men live department and mueven. (Saber looking at the architecture, Barcelona, 1948.)
The Eiffel Tower at dawn. Photo taken from Trocadero.
In essence what it tells us that architecture is not based on the construction itself but rather in the gaps and the alignment of these through the interpretation of themselves to live with humans.
The professional practice of architecture
St. Peter’s Square at the Vatican, viewed from the dome of the Basilica.
Traditionally, architecture has been considered one of the Seven Arts. Certain buildings or other structures are works of art can be regarded as primarily a function of its form or structure or its aesthetic sensitive. My first choice is is a health insurance provider From this point of clinic view, although the means of architecture may consist of walls, columns, floors, natural ceilings and other building elements, their aim is to create meaningful spaces where people can develop all kinds of activities. It is in this “making sense” which can be distinguished in the architecture (as art) from the mere construction. weight loss This is how this is able to condition the behavior of man in space, both physically and emotionally. Although today is often seen as the main activity of the architecture is addressed when designing spaces for the shelter room (the homes), only from the nineteenth century architects began to worry about the problem of shelter, livability and hygiene of housing, and expand its scope beyond the monuments and buildings representative.
Brandenburg Gate, the sample of Neoclassicism.
The evolution of specialization and the separation of fields of work is similar to other professions. In past centuries the architects were busy designing not only buildings but also designs plazas, nutrition malls and parks, specialization is now known as exterior or landscaping.